Humic acids isolated from earthworm compost enhance root elongation lateral root emergence and plasma membrane H+ATPase activity in maize roots
The spectrum shows the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and lipids. The spectrum also contains amino acids, nucleic acids, and other organic compounds.
.Figure 2. Gas chromatograph of the standard methylated indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). Figure 2. Mass spectrum of the standard methylated Indole-3-acetonitrile (IAM). Figure 2. Mass spectra of the standard methylated tryptamine (TAM). Figure 3. Effect of various concentrations of hyaluronan (HA) on root growth. Figure 3. Effect of varying HA concentration on root elongation. Figure 4. Effect of varying HA concentrations on root surface area. Figure 4. Effect on root surface area by varying HA concentrations. Figure 5. Effect of varying HA on root volume. Figure 5. Effect on root volume by varying HA concentrations.
The effect of HA on root growth patterns was evaluated by quantifying the number of lateral root emergence sites (Figures 4A–4D) and counting the total number of mitotic sites per root (Figure 4E). In this study, we found that HA treatment significantly increased the number of lateral root formation sites compared to controls. We also observed an increase in the number of mitotic sites in the primary root after HA treatment. These results suggest that HA promotes cell division in both the primary and lateral roots.
The effects of high levels of HA on PM ATPase activity and proton transport are shown in figure 5. High concentrations of HA inhibit both activities.
−1HA in vitro. The reaction medium contains 50 mM 4,100 mM p-(trifluoro-methoxy)phenylhydazone, a proton-pump inhibitor. Dissipation of the proton gradient causes an increase in the rate of H+ efflux. This effect is more pronounced in the presence of the protonophore than in its absence. These results indicate that the plasma membrane H+ pump is inhibited by the trifluoro-methyoxy derivative of phenylhydrazine.
Western blot of PMs from maize roots treated (+). Figure 6 shows the western blot of PMs isolated after treatment with 1HA for 7 days. Figure 6. −1 HA for 7d. Fifty micrograms protein was separated by 7% (w/v ) SDS-PAGE. The immunoblot was probed with antibody against PM H.
+-ATPase is an enzyme that develops with peroxidase conjugate. Immunoassay is used to quantify ATPase.
Nitric oxide mediates humiic acids-induced root growth and plasma membrane proton pump activation. Humic acids isolated from vermiculture composts and their relationship to biocontrol activity.
Humic acid is an organic compound found in soil. It is made up of long chains of carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms. It is also known as fulvic acid or humus. This molecule is responsible for the brownish colour of soil. It is also used by plants to absorb nutrients such as nitrogen. In this study, the researchers investigated how root signals affect the growth of shoots. They found that when roots were exposed to humic acid, the amount of nitrates absorbed by the plant increased. Nitrates are important because they help the plant grow. When plants are exposed to high levels of nitrates, they produce more protein and other essential compounds.
Root-Apex Proton fluxes at the centre of soil-stress acclimation. Trends Plant Sci. 25 (8) 794–804. doi:10.1016/j.tpns.2020.03.004. Epub 2020 Mar. 30. Trends Plant Sci., 25, 794–804. Review.
Gardens how to make garden waste work for you | Compost | The Guardian
This is a very interesting gardening method. Composting is an excellent way to recycle your kitchen wastes. You should try this method.
Waste is usually something that people throw out. But some things are too big to be thrown out. For example, there are many things that need to be recycled. There are also many things that should be composted. So, people who want to recycle must know how to separate recyclable materials from non-recyclables. People who want to compost must know how to break down organic matter into smaller pieces.
Waste removal is a major issue in our society today. We need to take care of our environment and recycle as much as possible. This is the first step towards recycling. There are many different methods to recycle waste. Some people use composting bins while others use garbage cans. Some people even use plastic bags to store their trash. Recycling is very important because it helps us protect the earth.
Pond weed bins
Perennial weeds are a huge problem for you. You’ve tried every method possible to get rid of them, including digging them up by hand, using herbicides and fungicides, and even spraying them with water. But nothing seems to work. Your only option now is to drown them in a large container filled with water. This should kill them quickly, and then you can use your composting bin to turn them into a nutrient-rich soil amendment.
Floating duckweed is an aquatic plant that grows very fast. It can grow up to 3 metres per day. It needs sunlight, but does not need much water or nutrients. It can be grown in ponds, rivers, lakes, and even swimming pools. It is a great source of protein, vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. It also helps clean up polluted waterways.
Duckweed is a plant that lives in ponds and lakes. It grows very fast and spreads over the entire surface of the water. It does not need light or air because it absorbs oxygen directly from the water. It is used as a fertilizer for plants and soil. It is also used as a natural pesticide.
How to put roots in my compost bin | Step by Step Eco Family Life
Roots should be chopped up before being added to the compost bin. Avoid weeds with seeds, runners or root vegetables. Roots should be watered thoroughly before adding to the compost bin. After 6 months, the roots will break down and become part of the compost.
Step by step guide to putting roots in a compost bin
Roots should be chopped up before adding them to the compost. Roots should be mixed thoroughly with other ingredients. Roots should be watered into the compost.
Cited by articles
The paper reviews the use of humic acids derived from ore minerals to promote plant growth. Humic substances in combination with bacteria are used to improve soil fertility. This approach reduces the need for chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Moringa seeds have been used as food since ancient times. It is an important source of protein and minerals for people living in developing countries. In this study, we investigated the effect of vermicompost and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizers on the growth of M. oleifera seedlings in calcareous soil conditions. We found that vermicompost increased plant height, leaf number, fresh weight, dry weight, and oil content compared to N-P-K fertilizer. However, there was no significant difference in chlorophyll content among treatments. These results suggest that vermicompost could be a useful tool for increasing the yield of M. oleifera seedlings.
Earthworms help plants by breaking down organic matter in soil. This helps plant roots grow better. In this study, earthworms were found to be beneficial to continuous cropping lilies.
More nifty ways with garden waste
Composting is an important part of recycling. It helps us reduce our carbon footprint. Composting adds all your vegetable peelings, green waste and other organic material to a bog-standard composter. You should cook food, meat, dairy, and eggs separately, because these items attract vermin. A good balance of fresh green waste and something to soak up the liquid, such as cardboard, make for happy, easy composting.
This bin heats up to temperatures that make hot compost safe to use as fertilizer. However, most bins do not reach high enough temperatures to kill perennial weeds.
Bokashi bins are great for storing leftovers. They make sure that you do not throw away any food that could be used later. This method also helps you get rid of the smell of rotten food.
Worms eat organic matter and turn it into fertilizer. This process is called decomposition. Composting is an alternative method of decomposing organic material. Worm bins are used to create worm castings (worm poop) which is then added to your garden as fertilizer. Worms also eat bacteria and parasites. When you buy a worm bin, you get both worms and compost. You do not need to add any ingredients to the worm bin.
Check for any seed pods attached to plant stems
Before adding roots to your compost bins, make sure there aren’t any seed pods still attached to stems. This is especially important if you’re adding weed roots as the plants may sprout again in your compost or soil, making your garden full of new weeds. If the plant does happen to have seed pods, it’s best to put the weeds in your green bin or turn the plants into compost tea.
Hot composting weed roots with seed is a great idea. You should add them if you want to grow back weeds like mint, potatoes and other plants quickly. To heat up your compost heap, you need to put some wood chips or sawdust into it. This will help to raise the temperature of your compost heap.
Shake off as much soil as you can
Before adding roots to your compost bins, shake off as much soil as you can. Too much soil slows down the composting process.
Mix roots into compost thoroughly
Plant roots are a carbon rich material that helps decompose organic matter. Composting plants roots along with other green materials helps them to break down faster.